Ereky was born on 18 October 1878 in Esztergom, Hungary as Károly Wittmann. His father was István Wittmann and his mother Mária Dukai Takách. (Among her relatives was Judit Dukai Takách (1795-1836) who was the first Hungarian female poet.) In 1893 he changed his name to Ereky. He had three brothers: Jenő, Ferenc and István. Ereky finished grammar school at Sümeg and Székesfehérvár. He attended the Technical University of Budapest and in 1900 received a degree in technical engineering.
Who first discovered biotechnology?
Hungarian engineer Karl Ereky first coined the term ‘biotechnology’ in 1919, meaning the production of products from raw materials with the aid of living organisms [16, 17].
Pushpa Mittra Bhargava was born on February 22, 1928. He was a pioneer in the field of biotechnology in India and among the first persons to use the term “genetic engineering”. Bhargava was instrumental in the formation of the Department of Biotechnology in the ’70s.
At its simplest, biotechnology is technology based on biology – biotechnology harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives and the health of our planet.
Biotechnology is most important for its implications in health and medicine. Through genetic engineering – the controlled alteration of genetic material – scientists have been able to create new medicines, including interferon for cancer patients, synthetic human growth hormone and synthetic insulin, among others.
Stanley Cohen’s and Herbert Boyer’s basic science discovery of recombinant DNA technology in 1973 sparked a revolution in biology and spurred development of the biotechnology industry.
Who discovered DNA?
The landmark ideas of Watson and Crick relied heavily on the work of other scientists. What did the duo actually discover? Many people believe that American biologist James Watson and English physicist Francis Crick discovered DNA in the 1950s.
Today, the five branches into which modern biotechnology is divided — human, environmental, industrial, animal and plant — help us fight hunger and disease, produce more safely, cleanly and efficiently, reduce our ecological footprint and save energy.
The Hungarian Károly Ereky coined the word “biotechnology” in Hungary during 1919 to describe a technology based on converting raw materials into a more useful product. He built a slaughterhouse for a thousand pigs and also a fattening farm with space for 50,000 pigs, raising over 100,000 pigs a year.
Bires Chandra Guha – Father of modern biochemistry in India*
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